KISSAN POST

Vines

VINES  

PHILODENDRON

Philodendron spp.

ARACEAE

If you’re nervous growing houseplants, start with philodendrons—they‘re durable plants that don’t take much fussing to stay looking good. Philodendrons produce climbing or bushy growth that can eventually reach 2.7 m tall. Their stems carry thin aerial roots and usually lobed green leaves that can be marked with gold, red, or white. The young leaves are often not as distinctively shaped or colored as the older ones.

Medium to high, indirect light; bushy types tolerate lower light. Warm conditions, with nights around 18°-21°C. Keep the soil just moist. Philodendron grows fine in almost any mix; it will even root and grow in water! Repot at any time. Fertilize every three months. Direct sun can produce tan patches of sunburn on leaves; move the plant out of the sun to prevent further damage. Take tip or stem cuttings from vining types at any time. Grow self-heading (bushy) types from seed, or separate and pot up the offsets.

 

POTHOS

Raphidophora aurea

ARACEAE

Pothos is a trailing or climbing houseplant that’s often confused with philodendron. It’s a real survivor that can take some neglect. This vining plant produces long stems that can climb to 12 m if left unpruned. The stems will trail out of a hanging basket or climb a support, clinging with aerial roots. The leathery, heart-shaped leaves grow to 10 cm long. The foliage and stems are bright green and richly splashed with yellow and/or white. High, indirect light is best, although the plant adapts to less. Average room temperature suits very well. Let the soil dry somewhat between watering, especially for plants growing in low light. Make sure the soil is not very wet or dry.

Grow pothos in a soil-based potting mix in hanging baskets or trained on wire wreath forms. Fertilize twice a year, while the plant is producing new growth. Cut the stems back if they get leggy. Wash the leaves occasionally. Pothos is generally pest-free. If you notice the leaf and stem markings are fading, move the plant to a brighter spot. Take tip cuttings at any time of the year.

 

GRAPE IVY

Cissus spp.

VITACEAE

Grape ivies make splendid foliage vines, adapting to low light and dry air without too much fuss. Provide same kind of trellis so vines can climb. These tendril-climbing vines can grow to 3 m. The fleshy, green leaves grow to 10 cm long; they are sometimes fuzzy underneath. Grape ivy (C. rhombifolia), from tropical America, has large, metallic green, lobed leaves and is very easy to grow. Kangaroo vine (C. antarctica) is a vigorous grower with shiny, leathery leaves; it hails from Australia. Dwarf grape ivy (C. striata), from Chile, is a compact climber with small, five-lobed leaves. It needs medium to high light, but keep the plant out of direct sun. It requires warm conditions but cooler than 24°C. Keep the soil evenly moist, but don’t let the plant sit in water. It can tolerate low humidity.

Provide all-purpose mix in very well-drained baskets. Repot as needed. Fertilize twice a month in spring and summer. Pinch sideshoots back frequently to encourage dense growth. Grape ivies are generally problem-free. Take stem cuttings for propagation at any time, or grow new plants from seed.

 

WAX VINE

Hoya carnosa

ASCLEPIADACEAE

Wax vine’s long stems can climb up trellises or trail around window frames. This milkweed relative produces clusters of very fragrant, starry blooms from May to September. Wax vine has succulent, 7 cm, silvery green leaves atop trailing vines that climb to 6 m. clusters of small, pinkish, red-centered flowers dangle from the stems in summer. It requires high light, but direct midday sun should be avoided. Climatic requirement is intermediate to warm conditions not below 10° C.

Let the soil dry between waterings. In winter reduce water drastically, just enough to prevent shriveling. Do not use cold water. Grow in a peat moss-based mix in a pot, or in a hanging basket lined with sphagnum moss. Provide potted plants with a trellis or wire hoop; wind the stems counterclockwise around the support. Fertilize once in a spring with an all purpose fertilizer. Once bud form, avoid moving the vine. Wax vine must be 90 cm long to bloom, so avoid pruning. It is propagated in spring by cuttings.

 

CORAL VINE    

Antigonon leptopus     

POLYGONACEAE

            Also variously known as the Mexican Creeper, Bride’s Tears, and the Honolulu Creeper, this native of Mexico (where it is called “chain of love” is a slender climber seen growing on many walls and fences. The flowers have no petals, the colored parts being the calyx; they last for sometime in water and are thus useful in flower arrangements. The plant climbs by means of curling tendrils and grows quite rapidly. Almost continuous sprays of small flowers that are usually pink but also occur in white throughout the year.

            It has rough, heart-shaped, evergreen leaves with heavy waxy edges. Leaves are light green in color. It is a tropical creeper. Coral creeper need full sun to flower profusely and, as their place of origin suggests, do not like damp locations. Grows well in well-drained garden soil. Reaching a height as high as 10 m, if provided with proper support.

Propagation is by seeds, but those from the white variety do not breed true and cuttings must be used.

The lower parts, however, become rather bare after a time and the vine may have to be sharply pruned back if a thick screen is desired. It needs regular watering.

Suitable for the netting work. Planting for the pergolas and porches. Planting for the covering of old and dry trees. Planting of fence covering for the flowering beauty.

 

CALICO FLOWER    

Aristolochia elegans      

ARISTOLOCHIACEAE

Climbers include many plants with attractive flowers, but few with such striking ones as those of the calico plant. These are curious to say the least, with their bent tubes expanding to a cup, often fringed on the margin. In many species, the flowers are borne on drooping branches. They are pollinated by insects, which are often captured in the bent corolla tube and ‘released’ after pollination. The genus is so large that it offers a truly wide selection. According to some authorities it embraces 300 species, according to others 500, mostly native to the tropics. Aristolochia elegans is native to Brazil. The flowers are up to 12 cm long and 10 cm across.    Flowers are yellowish; the cup is dark purplish-brown inside with white markings, bloom throughout the year.

            It has dense foliage. The huge, handsome, heart-d leaves have rich, glossy, dark green color. It is a tropical species. Optimum growing temperatures are 18 to 30º C. It should be grown in full sun. The growing medium should be a peat and sand mixture plus loam. Vine height is about 10 meter.

They are readily propagated by means of cuttings or seeds.

It stands up very well to spring pruning so that it can easily be kept within reasonable bounds. Water liberally and fertilized the plant often, for it need a rich diet.

Calico is often used to cover fences and arbors in the gardens. Its rapid, vigorous growth is ideal for a porch, trellis, pergola or archway. It provide opaque screen for complete privacy.

 

BABY SMILAX    

Asparagus myrifolius      

LILIACEAE

The genus Asparagus contains some 300 species, some of which are extraordinarily lovely and far from mere ‘supplementary greenery’. This species is native to tropical Asia and Africa, where it grows in thin, open forests. Attractive twining vine with thread like stems. The stem branches greatly so that the plant soon fills the space around it.

The leaves of asparagus are not true leaves, for these are shrinking in size and generally form only membranous scales from the axils, in which the stem has taken over the photosynthetic function of the leaves. Fresh, glossy green, little ovate, evergreen leaves to 2 cm long. It is a subtropical vine. Grows well in well-drained rich loam or well fertile soil. It require humid and cool environment for the vigorous growth. Many species require at least a partial resting period with limited watering in winter. Optimum growing temperature is 10 to 25º C. Partial shade is best for vigorous growth. It reaching a height of about 15 meters.

Plants are propagated by seed and through suckers or division of plant. Seeds should never be fully covered nor unduly shaded. One plant is divided into 5 to 10 plants with root and shoot and transplanted in the pots for the establishment. These plants are ready to be planted within 6 months.

Cultivation is relatively easy. It requires regular watering.

Suitable for pillars and supports. Planting under shade for the decoration of the walls. It can be used as potted plant with support.

 

TRUMPET FLOWER   

Bignonia tuicediana     

BIGNONIACEAE

            Beautiful flowers are borne on this tough, adaptable vine. Climbing is by tendrils, although these will attach well to wood, stone or other porous surfaces. It is vigorous plant, its rather open, see-through form does not cover up the structure supporting it; a useful characteristic when its desire to soften, rather than hide, architectural form. Peachy-apricot (orange-yellow) colored flowers are funnel-shaped followed by fruit with full of seeds. Flowers blooms in late spring and early summer.

            The divided leaves are an attractive dark green, perfect to set off the scads of brilliant flowers. This is an evergreen vine, with 2 ovate leaflets, each to 15 cm long. It is a plant of warm temperate region but can be grown in subtropical areas. This is an easy plant to grow, adaptable to just about any condition, even difficult soils from full sun to shade. Thrives well in rich loam soil. Vine grows to a height of about 30 meters or more.

Plants are propagated by seeds. Seeds are sown in the nursery on raised beds, in pots or in germination trays. Seedlings are ready within three months for the transplanting in pots. Regular irrigation enhances vigorous growth and improves flower quality.

Suitable for the walls and trellises. Planting for the covering of old trees. Planting for the netting on wires to provide privacy.

 

MORNING GLORY     

Ipomoea horsfalliae     

CONVOLVULACEAE

The genus Ipomoea includes not only the species popularly known as Morning Glory but also numerous others, one of them the familiar sweet potato. The Morning Glory bursts into bloom when the sun first strikes it. Morning glories grow slowly at first, and then really take off when the weather heats up in midsummer. Established vines are generally problem-free. A tender perennial vine grown as a tender annual is native to Tropics. The pointed buds of this fast-growing climber open in early morning to reveal showy, trumpet-shaped flowers up to 12 cm across. Each flower lasts for only a day, but new buds open every day through summer. Individual flowers are open in the morning and often close in the afternoon. On the cloudy day the flowers remain open during the day.

The corolla may be purple, blue, pink, red, yellow, or white with a lighter colored tube. Flowering time is from winter to spring. It has evergreen, palmately lobed leaves.  It grows well in tropical, subtropical and even in warm temperate areas.  Full sun is best, although these plants can take some shade; average, well drained soil. High fertility and moisture will produce abundant foliage but few flowers. Optimum growing temperature is 10 to 30º C. Height to 4 m or more; ultimate height and spread depend on the size of the vine’s support.

Morning glory grows easily from seed sown directly into the garden. Soak seed over night, and then plant it 12 mm deep in individual pots. Seeds germinate in one to three weeks at 20-30º C. Thin seedlings to stand 20-30 cm apart. Species can be readily propagated by cuttings.

Before planting, make sure you have a sturdy trellis for the vines to climb. Stick short pieces of twiggy brush around the young plants to support the stems. Water during the dry spells. Pinch off spent flowers to prolong the bloom season.

Morning glory makes a good quick-growing screen for shade or privacy. It also looks great climbing through large shrubs or roses or on a trellis or wall behind a cottage garden. Suitable for training against houses, verandahs and trellis work. Planting for wire netting and walls. Planting for climbing on pillars. An excellent ground cover for the slopes on canal banks and sandy shores. Annual species can be used as a potted plant for indoor/house planting.

 

CERIMAN (SWISS-CHEESE PLANT)

Monstera deliciosa   

ARACEAE

            Native to the tropical rain forests of the southern Mexico, Guatemala, parts of the Costa Rica and Panama. The plant is fast growing stout, herbaceous vine over the ground and forming the extensive mats if unsupported. The stems are cylindrical heavy 6-7 cm thick, rough with leaf scars, and producing numerous long, tough aerial roots.

The leathery evergreen leaves on strong, erect, flattened petioles to 90 cm long are oval, chordate at the base, to 90 cm or more in length and 80 cm wide, deeply cut into 22 cm strips around the margins and perforated on each side of the mid-rib with elliptic or oblong holes of various sizes.

Optimum growing temperature is 15-20˚ C. The Monstera is strictly tropical and therefore cannot tolerate the frost. It does best in the semi-shade and as requires high humidity. The plant grow vigorously in almost any soil, including lime stone but flourishes best in the well drained, rich loam. It is not adapted to the saline conditions. Climbing trees to the height of the 30m or more.

Monstera can be propagated by means of seed and tissue culture. Generally propagation is by means of stem cutting, which may be simply set in the beds or pots where the vine is intended to grow. Suckers or offshoots, with or without roots, can be separated from parent plants and transplanted successfully.

Care should be taken to keep the soil moist. A complete fertilizer may be applied two times a year. It is also essential to give a dose of suitable organic fertilizer such as farm-yard-manure (FYM).

Although normally climbers, they can be trained to stay bushy as the pot plants, hanging baskets, or the standard 1 meter high. Suitable for the walls covering, trellises, pillars and trees. Planting for the pergolas and gates or entrances. Specimen plant for the lawn.

 

CLOCK VINE

BLACK-EYED SUSAN VINE

Thunbergia alata     

ACANTHACEAE

If you want to grow bright and cheerful Black-Eyed Susan vine as a climber, install a support; such as plastic netting or a trellis; before planting seeds.  Thunbergias may be said to be still waiting to be ‘discovered’. This species is one of the few that are found in cultivation even though it cannot be said to be the prettiest of the 100 or so known species that make up the genus. It does better indoors where it should be put in full sun. Plants produce twining vines with pointed buds, which open to rounded, flattened, 7.5 cm wide flowers. It is interesting to note that the species primarily grown in cultivation are from South Africa and India.

Solitary flowers on long axillary peduncles, the funnel-shaped corolla is cream-colored and the throat a dark purple. Each flower has 5 rounded segments and the corolla can vary in color from cream to white to yellow to orange. It will flower from June until autumn.

Opposite, triangular-ovate, to 7.5 cm long, base cordate, margin toothed, have hairs on both surfaces; petioles are winged. It is a tropical climber. In a sunny, sheltered spot in the garden. Summer temperatures should be 15 to 25º C; winter temperatures should be 5 to 10º C. Moist fertile soil. Humid and cool environment is suitable for this climber which reaches a height of about 1 to 2 meters.

Seeds germinate in two to three weeks at 21 to 24º C, but seedlings grow slowly. Softwood cuttings taken from new shoots root readily. Black-Eyed Susan is generally grown as an annual sown in March.

Water should not be supplied too copiously even in summer and should be practically withheld in winter. They quickly make new growth after spring pruning when provided with warm conditions and soon bear flowers after about 1½ months.

theless, it is a nice plant and suitable for growing as a house plant. It is used as trailing plant for containers such as window boxes, pots and hanging baskets. It also well as a screen when allowed to twine on a trellis or fence. The plant is dense grower, literally covering supports with foliage and flowers. This vine is a good fast-growing screen for shade or privacy. It also makes a feature in a hanging ba     Neversket.

 

 

 


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